The Nordic Household State: Variations upon a Theme by Luther
Sweden-Finland and Denmark-Norway were characterized by an unusually high degree of mono-confessionalism. Later these Scandinavian countries became advanced welfare democracies. As the household, characterized by mutual obligations, was such an important theme in early modern Lutheranism, it is remarkable that we are still waiting for a solid empirically-based analysis of the Nordic model as an expression of the Lutheran household. This project wants to deliver such a contribution. We are searching for explanations in the period where Lutheran theology was essential in the creation of strong household states in both countries during the 17th Century. Two sub-projects aim to reveal how imaginaries of the household worked in education and legal disputes. Two other sub-projects focus upon the two household states from a more overarching theological and ideological point of view. The project analyzes the household as a synchronizing force at different levels of society. The project has further significance in that it highlights the Evangelical-Lutheran form of society in a dialogue with international research in the footsteps of Weber and his interest in the Calvinist form of Protestantism. By systematically comparing two mono-confessional states we explore the significance of the Lutheran heritage in a new way.