Helena Victor

Frozen in Time - histories of life and moments of death at Sandby borg

The project deals with the Iron Age ring-fort of Sandby borg on Öland where previous investigations suggest a violent massacre in the late 5th century AD. The victims were not buried, but were left lying where they fell. This has created a very unusual archaeological material providing a unique insight into the life histories and death of individuals, as well as people s social organization and material culture during the middle Iron Age.
The first part of the project consists of archaeological excavation and artefact research together with various laboratory analyzes. We focus on the life history of individuals and artefacts as well as the individual event, using among other things forensic methodology combined with 3D photography. Detailed osteological analyzes and studies of stable isotopes and DNA are used to provide as detailed a picture as possible of the people in the fort and their fate.
The second part of the project concerns the role of Sandby borg in contemporary society and how the history of the fort can be conveyed in an ethical way. Focus is on the making of meaning and the communication of "difficult heritage", traces of traumatic events that can be difficult to understand and reconcile with.
The project is a collaboration between Dept. of Museum Archaeology /Kalmar County Museum, Linnaeus University and Stockholm University.
Final report
The project deals with the ringfort of Sandby borg on Öland where the inhabitants were massacred around 500 AD. The victims were not buried but were left where they fell. The frozen moment provides a unique insight into the lives and deaths of individuals as well as the social organization and material culture during the Iron Age.

The project was carried out as a collaboration between Kalmar County Museum (KLM), Stockholm University (SU) and Linnaeus University (LNU) and was divided into two parts. SP1 has included archaeological excavations and analysis of finds to study the life and death of the victims at an individual level using archaeological, osteological, forensic and molecular analyzes. SP2 has investigated the role of Sandby borg in present society and how the history of the ringfort can be communicated in an ethical way. The focus is on meaning creation and communication of “difficult heritage”. The project has not undergone any major changes in relation to the application. Three doctoral students (financed by other funding) and several spin-off projects have been added (see below).

Victor and Papmehl-Dufay (KLM) have directed two archaeological excavations in the ringfort, House 4 in 2016 and House 52 in 2017. Osteological analyzes have been performed on individuals found during these excavations as well as from previous years. Kjellström has been working with doctoral student Clara Alfsdotter (LNU), studying trauma on the human remains. At SU, analyzes of stable carbon, nitrogen, sulfur and strontium isotopes have been performed on bones and teeth from humans, animals and on charred cereal grains. The analyzes were conducted by G. Eriksson together with master's students. For the skeletons, the degree of preservation is about 50% meaning that not all individuals or samples have produced results. Carbon and nitrogen isotope data are available from 15 human individuals with a total of 35 samples (55% of planned 64 samples). For 11 of these, there are data from multiple points in life that indicate small to moderate changes. A total of 10 samples from 8 individuals were analyzed for sulfur isotopes. In addition, sequence data on 18 teeth from 13 individuals were analyzed for strontium isotopes. The fauna material was poorly preserved. In the carbon and nitrogen isotope analyzes, only 21 of 57 samples (37%) yielded reliable results; of these, 6 could also be analyzed for sulfur isotopes. In addition to the fauna material, charred cereal grains from different contexts have been analyzed for stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes. The isotope analyzes played an important role in the selection of samples for 14C dating.

Petersson and Jonsson Malm have, together with doctoral student Gustav Wollentz, worked with focus groups (FG) within 1) education, 2) creative/artistic activities and 3) entrepreneurship. Jonsson Malm and Petersson conducted interviews and participant observations (Jonsson Malm et al manuscript).

Osteological and isotope analyzes
So far, about 30 individuals have been found, of which about 10 are more or less complete. All age groups are represented and some 34% are children, corresponding to a normal demographic sample and indicating that the entire ringfort population was attacked. The results of the osteological analyzes show a pattern of trauma reflecting an "effective" violence situation with minimal but deadly violence (Alfsdotter & Kjellström 2018). The bodies do not appear to have been manipulated after death and their position as well as the archaeological context indicate that the perpetrators were numerous and that the attack was well organized. In relation to the prevailing violence and conflict discourse during a time of crisis on Öland, the attack can be seen as a demonstration of power with the aim of intimidating and controlling the site. The results of the DNA analysis show that this is a genetically homogeneous population with a probable south-Scandinavian affinity (Rodríguez Varela et al., In prep). The fact that the bodies remained untouched enabled unique observations of physical degradation never seen before (Alfsdotter & Kjellström, in print), revising previous theories of degradation patterns and handling of bodies in archeology. The osteological results have also highlighted physical and psychosocial factors related to acts of violence at both individual and population levels.

Despite poor preservation of human and faunal skeletal remains, stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis demonstrate that diet was relatively homogenous within the population, with limited to moderate changes during the life course. Together with analysis of carbonized cereals, results indicate that livestock and manured crops dominated the diet, supplemented by marine resources and possibly freshwater fish. Sulphur and strontium isotope analysis indicate that the victims were of both local and non-local origin, and in many cases exercised mobility outside Öland during their life course. Notably, several children have traveled to or from Öland during their first years in life.

A total of 29 14C dates have been performed on 8 human skeletons, 5 animal bones, 13 cereals and 3 hearths outside the ringfort. Based on dietary analyzes, 14C dating and modeling, we have been able to determine the date of the massacre to approx. 500-540 AD.

Excavations at Sandby borg
In House 4, Sweden's oldest glass workshop was found with evidence for glass bead production and precious metal working. About 10 human individuals were found in the house and on the street outside it, as well several animals that were probably left in the ringfort after the massacre. Two phases could be distinguished, one during the massacre and another some 100 years later when seemingly the ringfort was subjected to acts of demolition, possibly as a result of the traumatic event (Papmehl-Dufay & Victor 2019).
In House 52, a hall was found with finds including a gold hoard, Roman glass and the body of an elderly man (possibly a chief) who was killed in front of the high seat. This Modus Operandi indicates a strong break of the “Hall peace” norm, described in the Old Norse sagas. The social norms surrounding e.g. warfare during the late Iron Age were thus already in place during the mid-Iron Age. This indicates an internal conflict within Öland during a period characterized by major changes, the so-called Migration period crisis (Victor manuscript).

Difficult heritage?
SP2 shows how a distant event such as an Iron Age massacre evokes questions and thoughts, feelings of discomfort and creates a much stronger link between past and present than is the case when archaeologists alone explore the phenomenon (cf. Wollentz 2017, 2018). What is difficult heritage and who it affects depends on the context. The distinction between past and present is much stronger in the internal academic discourse than for people in general. Artists' reactions clearly illustrate this, as did the final conference in May 2019, where researchers from various disciplines discussed whether or not Sandby borg is a difficult heritage. Humanistic researchers tend to consider this as difficult heritage, while those from natural sciences do not (Jonsson Malm et al manuscript). Questions have been raised about how monuments and traumatic events have served as memory functions for creation of history and how communication using new technology can facilitate understanding of nonverbal and emotion-related aspects. Another issue is how archaeologists and heritage workers can handle difficult heritage in management and mediation.

The fact that the massacre has taken place during the so-called Migration period crisis leads to questions whether the finds at Sandby borg represent a unique event, or if this could be expected at other sites as well. Other questions concern the nature of social networks in the Baltic Sea area. The children's travel and their role in social networks have been highlighted. The finds indicate contacts with northern Poland and the Baltic States. Another issue is how a society adapt to new conditions after a crisis. These questions have led to the formulation of a new research program currently awaiting funding.

Until March 2020, 11 articles have been produced or published in academic peer-review journals (Open Access), in most cases authored by several project participants, 4 reports and 4 in contexts of popular science. In addition, 28 presentations have been made at national and international conferences, as well as 110 for the general public in various contexts, both via social media and lectures.

A final conference "Sandby borg – New perspectives for Iron Age archeology in the Baltic region" was held in May 2019 with approximately 95 participants from 6 countries, with two days of presentations by project participants and invited speakers. One aim was to have the project (both SP1 and SP2) reviewed by external researchers, which was well achieved. We received a lot of feedback and support. Another aim was to establish new contacts and form networks, which was also achieved. Planning for several future projects was initiated after the conference, and an application for a major research program on the Öland ringforts has recently been submitted to RJ.

SP1:Two doctoral students have presented their licentiate theses (Alfsdotter 2018; Gunnarsson 2018), both of which concern Sandby borg. Alfsdotter has, partly together with Kjellström, analyzed the human remains concerning e.g. trauma and decay (2018). Gunnarsson has worked with new types of narrative and visualization of the past with Sandby borg as a case study (2018; Gunnarsson et al 2018). This work got a spin off in the RJ-funded project: Sandby borg - a virtual link (COM16-1352:1).

SP2 held a seminar: Memories of Violence and Oppression in May 2017 with invited international speakers. A dissertation has been published by Wollentz (2018) with Sandby borg as a case study for difficult heritage.
Publication list
Papers (open access):

Alfsdotter C & Kjellström A. A taphonomic interpretation of the postmortem fate of the victims following the mass killing at Sandby borg. Bioarchaeology International, accepted.

Alfsdotter C & Kjellström A. 2018. The mass killing at Sandby borg: Interpersonal violence and the demography of the victims. European Journal of Archaeology 22: 210-231. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/eaa.2018.55

Jonsson Malm, Carolina, Wollentz, Gustav & Petersson, Bodil (manuscript). The Difficult Heritage of Sandby borg - Exploring memories, ideas and uses of an Iron Age massacre site.

Papmehl-Dufay, L. in press: There’s something about islands. Similarities and differences between Öland and Gotland in the Migration period. För RAÄ:s publikation av workshopen ”Relations and runes”, Gotland okt 2017.

Alfsdotter, C., Papmehl-Dufay, L. & Victor, H. 2018. A moment frozen i time: evidence of a late fifth-century massacre at Sandby borg. Antiquity Vol. 92:362. doi:10.15184/aqy.2018.21

Papmehl-Dufay, L. & Söderström, U. 2017. Creating ambassadors through digital media: reflections from the Sandby borg project. Internet Archaeology 46. doi.org/10.11141/ia.46.3

Eriksson, G. Eklund, M. & Lidén, K. (ms b): The allure of the manure: Stable isotope analysis of plants, animals and humans at Sandby borg, Öland. Manuscript in prep.

Eriksson, G. Papmehl-Dufay, L., Noble, G. & Lidén, K. (ms c): Radiocarbon dates and reservoir effects at Sandby borg. Manuscript in prep.

Lidén, K., Calleberg, K. & Eriksson, G. (ms a): Islander or immigrant? Strontium and sulphur isotope analysis of the Sandby borg human remains. Manuscript in prep.

Rodriguez Varela, R., Helgi Swerford, K., Alfsdotter, C., Krzewinska, M., Kjellström, A, Ebenesersdóttir, S., Victor, H., Papmehl-Dufay, L., Agnar Helgason, A., Anders Götherström. In print. DNA-results of the Sandby borg individuals. Archaeological Research Laboratory, Ancient DNA group., Stockholms universitet.

Victor, H. (manuscript). The Petty King in House 52. Breaking the Social Contract of the Hall. Manuscript in prep.

Other Publications:

Papmehl-Dufay & Victor, 2019. Sandby borg IX. Undersökningar 2016. Sandby socken, Mörbylånga kommun, Öland, Sandby borgs skrifter 9, Kalmar läns museum. Kalmar

Papmehl-Dufay & Victor, 2020. Sandby borg XI. Undersökningar 2017. Sandby socken, Mörbylånga kommun, Öland Sandby borgs skrifter 11. Kalmar läns museum. Kalmar.

Papmehl-Dufay, L. 2017. Ett svenskt Pompeji. Fortsatta utgrävningar i Sandby borg. Årsskrift 2017. Historielärarnas förening. Sid. 138–151. Lund.

Papmehl-Dufay, L. & Victor, H. 2016. Sandby borg. Ett fruset ögonblick från folkvandringstid. Årsskrift 2016. Historielärarnas förening. Lund.

Projektanslutna publikationer (dvs ej finansierade inom RJ-projektet):

Alfsdotter, C. 2018. Bad Death at Sandby borg: A Bioarchaeological Analysis of Intergroup Violence and Postmortem Agency of Unburied Corpses. Växjö. Linnaeus University Press, 2018:13.

Alfsdotter, C., 2019. Social implications of unburied corpses from intergroup conflicts: postmortem agency following the Sandby borg massacre. Cambridge Archaeological Journal, Vol. 29, nr 3: 427-442.

Gunnarsson, F. 2018. Archaeological Challenges, Digital Possibilities. Digital Knowledge Development and Communication in Contract Archaeology. Lnu Licentiate No. 21. Linnaeus University Press. Växjö.

Gunnarsson, F., H. Victor & C. Alfsdotter. 2016. Sandby borg VII. Undersökningar 2015. Sandby socken, Mörbylånga kommun, Öland, Sandby borgs skrifter 7, Kalmar läns museum. Kalmar.

Gunnarsson, F. Kusoffsky, M. & D. Sellin, 2018. A Virtual Connection – Creating a Relevant Dialogue Through Cultural Heritage with Virtual Reality. Sandby borgs skrifter 10. Kalmar läns museum. Kalmar.

Petersson, Bodil & Burke, Danny et al. (in press 2020). Experimental Heritage as Practice – Approaching the Past through the Present at the Intersection of Art and Archaeology. Internet Archaeology. Accepted.

Wollentz, Gustav 2017. Prehistoric Violence as Difficult Heritage. Sandby Borg – A Place of Avoidance and Belonging. In: Current Swedish Archaeology Vol. 25 (2017), pp. 199–226.

Wollentz, G., 2018. Landscapes of Painful Pasts - Examining the Temporalities of difficult Heritage. Unpublished Diss. The Faculty of Arts and Humanities at Kiel University.

Akademiska uppsatser:

Andersson, T. 2018. Det är lättare att möta gudarna berusad: Om keramik och dryckesritualer i Sverige under yngre järnålder. Handledare: Ludvig Papmehl-Dufay.

Calleberg, K., 2019. The Victims at Sandby Borg: Tracing mobility and diet using strontium analyses. Masteruppsats i laborativ arkeologi, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet, Stockholms universitet. Handledare: Kerstin Lidén & Gunilla Eriksson.

Eklund, M. 2019. Changing Agriculture: Stable isotope analysis of charred cereals from Iron Age Öland. Masteruppsats i laborativ arkeologi, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet, Stockholms universitet. Handledare: Gunilla Eriksson & Matti Wiking Leino.

Hedberg, E. 2017. Ett hus i Sandby borg: Elementanalys av jordprover från Hus 4. Kandidatuppsats i laborativ arkeologi, Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet, Stockholms universitet. Handledare: Sven Isaksson.

Karlsson, Maria. 2017. Sveriges första glasverkstad? En undersökning av glasfynd från Sandby borg och andra tidiga glashantverksplatser i Sverige. Kandidatuppsats i arkeologi, Linnéuniversitetet, Kalmar. Handledare: Ludvig Papmehl-Dufay.

Lindahl, M. 2019. A chronology for a massacre: Bayesian C-14 analysis of the archaeological record from Sandbyborg, Öland. Kandidatuppsats i arkeologi, Linnéuniversitetet, Kalmar. Handledare: Ludvig Papmehl-Dufay.

Thulin, J. 2017. När tiden stannade: en analys av utställningen om Sandby borg på Kalmar läns museum. Handledare: Peter Skoglund.


En grundkurs på 7,5 hp, Sandby borg: Arkeologin, händelsen, tiden, ges årligen sedan 2016 med Helena Victor och Ludvig Papmehl-Dufay som lärare. Flera seminariegrävningar för arkeologistudenter vid LNU har också förlagts till Sandby borg. Sandby borg har också behandlats av flera uppsatser och används i undervisningen. Sex studenter från LNU har gjort sin praktik på KLM och då arbetat med Sandby borgsprojektet.

Det har också skapats ett ’Skapande skola’-projekt vid Kalmar läns museum. ’Vem var det som började?’ med Sandby borg som utgångspunkt för konflikthantering för mellanstadiet.

Populära publikationer (i urval):
Papmehl-Dufay, L., Victor, H. & Alfsdotter, C. 2019. The Sandby borg massacre. Life and death in a 5th-century ringfort. Current World Archaeology 96, pp 30–36.
Papmehl-Dufay, L. & Victor, H. 2018. Brottsplatsen. Populär Arkeologi 5/2018, sid 12–17.

Konferensdeltagande o dyl
Gunilla Eriksson: Sandby borg – a 5th century ring fort on Öland. Presented at the annual conference of the Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, 7 Dec 2016.

Carolina Jonsson Malm: Organisatör och talare på Memories of Violence and Oppression: Developing new uses of difficult heritage sites and landscapes, Linneuniversitetet, maj 2017, Kalmar.

Bodil Pettersson: Organisatör och talare på Memories of Violence and Oppression: Developing new uses of difficult heritage sites and landscapes, Linneuniversitetet, maj 2017, Kalmar.

Ludvig Papmehl-Dufay: Sandby borg på Öland, järnåldersborgen där tiden stannade. Katedralskolan i Lund, mars 2018, Lund.

Ludvig Papmehl-Dufay: Similarities and differences between Öland and Gotland in the migration period. Relations and runes, workshop på Gotlands museum okt. 2017, Visby.

Ludvig Papmehl-Dufay: Crowdfunding av utgrävningarna i Sandby borg. Utbildning i regi av Arbetets museum, Gävle 2 feb-mars 2017, Gävle.

Ludvig Papmehl-Dufay: Sandby borg på Öland. Järnåldersborgen där tiden stannade. Katedralskolan i Lund, 2 februari 2017, Lund.

Ludvig Papmehl-Dufay: Crowdfunding i Sandby borg. Workshop, Crowdsourcing på museet, Riksutställningar, 11 november 2016, Stockholm

Ludvig Papmehl-Dufay: Public archaeology at Sandby borg. Presentation för INNOVARCH, nov 2016, Kalmar.

Helena Victor & Ludvig Papmehl-Dufay: Där tiden stannade. Livsöden och dödsögonblick i Sandby borg. Stockholms universitet, forskarseminarium, 15 mars 2017, Stockholm.

Helena Victor: Sandby borg-Frozen in Time. The Faculty of Arts and Humanities at Kiel University april 2016, Kiel, Tyskland.

Helena Victor: Sandby borg -The Artirfacts. ’Das Zentrum für Baltische und Skandinavische Archäologie vid Schloss Gottorf, april 2016, Tyskland.

Helena Victor: När tiden stannade. Livsöden och dödsögonblick i Sandby borg. Riksantikvarieämbetets Höstmöte, nov 2016, Stockholm.

Helena Victor: Sandby borg- ett fruset ögonblick. Historiska museet 1 feb 2017, Stockholm.

Helena Victor: Sandby borg as a difficult heritage-the archaeolgical material. Memories of Violence and Oppression: Developing new uses of difficult heritage sites and landscapes, Linneuniversitetet, maj 2017, Kalmar.

Helena Victor: Sandby Borg –Motive for a Massacre from the Migration Period? 69th International Sachsensymposion, sept 2018, Stockholm.

Helena Victor: Sandby borg, När tiden stannade – livsöden och dödsögonblick. Det Norske Arkeologmøtet, okt 2018, Tromsö, Norge.

Helena Victor: Kulturarvsmonolog - Sandby borg-massakern. Riksantikvarieämbetets Höstmöte, nov 2018, Stockholm. https://youtu.be/-_1ZzfePCC4

Helena Victor: Massakern i Sandby borg- vad hände och varför? Universitetsmuseet i Bergen, april 2019, Norge.

Helena Victor: Senaste från Sandby borg- vad hände och varför? Oldskriftssällskapet, Nationalmuseet, 10 dec 2019, Köpenhamn.

Helena Victor: The 5th century massacre at Sandby borg - What happened and why? Ancient DNA symposium, sept 2019, Uppsala.

Projektets slutkonferens:

I slutkonferensen Sandby borg: New perspectives for Iron Age archaeology in the Baltic region, Linnéuniversitetet, 8–10 maj 2019, Kalmar. Alla projektdeltager föll föredrag.

Ludvig Papmehl-Dufay & Helena Victor: Introduction to the archaeology at Sandby borg.

Anna Kjellström & Clara Alfsdotter: Life, death and thaphonomy of the individuals.

Ludvig Papmehl-Dufay: After the massacre. Evidence of later activities at Sandby borg.

Gunilla Eriksson, Kerstin Lidén & Kerstin Calleberg: Islander or immigrant? Strontium and sulphur isotope analysis of the Sandby borg human remains.

Gunilla Eriksson, Markus Eklund & Kerstin Lidén: Diet and date – stable isotopes and reservoir effects at Sandby borg.

Bodil Petersson, Carolina Jonsson Malm & Gustav Wollentz. How, when and for whom is Sandby borg a difficult heritage? Exploring memories, ideas and uses of an Iron Age massacre site.

Helena Victor: The Migration Period material culture of Sandby borg.

Populär förmedling (ett urval):


Helena Victor har hållit ca 80 publika föredrag om Sandby borg för allmänheten på Öland, i Kalmar, Kalmar län, Stockholm, Göteborg, Halmstad, Växjö osv.

Ludvig Papmehl-Dufay har hållit ca 30 publika föredrag om Sandby borg för allmänheten på Öland, i Kalmar, Kalmar län, Uppsala, Lund, Göteborg, Växjö osv.

TV, Radio och Poddar (ett urval):

Ett stort antal inslag har funnits i svenska nyhetsprogram och radio under 2016-2019.
Här är ett exempel från Vetenskapsradion Kulturnytt i P1: https://youtu.be/STAbsdt4h1g

Flera poddinslag har också genomförts.

Här är ett exempel med Helena Victor. ’Sandby borg-massakern närmare en lösning’ hos Vetenskapsradion, april 2018:https://podtail.com/en/podcast/vetenskapsradion-historia/sandby-borg-massakern-narmare-en-losning/

Här en från Ölandsbladet: http://poddradio.blogg.olandsbladet.se/blogg/sammanfattning-och-senaste-nytt-frn-sandby-borg/

Linnéuniversitetets Humpod med Ludvig Papmehl-Dufay: https://humpodd.wordpress.com/2019/10/01/massakern-i-sandbyborg/

Dan Snow's History Hit Med Clara Alfsdotter: https://player.fm/series/dan-snows-history-hit-106527/breaking-news-the-sandby-borg-massacre

Flera TV-inslag har filmats, bl a för Vetenskapens värld, SVT, Smithsonian History channel i USA, Discovery USA och Tysk TV. Där bla filmmaterial från Sebastian Jakobssons (Waxfilm) använts.

Många nyhetsartiklar har också publicerats, både i Sverige och utomlands. Här är några exempel.

Archaeology: https://www.archaeology.org/issues/207-1603/features/4158-sweden-sandbyborg-massacre

Svenska dagbladet: https://www.svd.se/hamnd-kan-ligga-bakom-massakern-pa-oland

BBC News: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-43899393

New York Times: https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/25/science/massacre-sweden-archaeology.html

The Guardian: https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/apr/25/swedish-archaeologists-uncover-brutal-5th-century-massacre

Barometern om spridningen av Sandby borg i världen: https://www.barometern.se/oland/sa-manga-naddes-nar-sandby-borg-blev-varldsnyhet/

SVD om spridningen: https://www.svd.se/massakern-pa-oland

Expressen om spridningen: https://www.expressen.se/kvallsposten/massmordet-pa-oland-en-varldsnyhet-terrordad/

National Geographic på spanska: https://historia.nationalgeographic.com.es/a/que-motivo-masacre-sandby-borg_7697

2016 invigdes en ny permanent utställning om Sandby borg på KLM, Sandby borg-När tiden stannade. Där presenteras Sandby borg, dels med fynd och dels med bilder, texter och digitala applikationer. Projektets nya resultat infogas i utställningen efterhand. 2019 uppdaterades utställningen i större omfattning med nya fynd och montrar. Dagliga visningar sker i utställningen och flera pedagogiska program har tagits fram för att användas med utställningen. Pedagogiska program för både barn och vuxna har tagits fram med olika inriktningar. KLM som helhet är engagerade i projektet som numera är ett av flaggskeppen på museet.

Utställningen, liksom hela Sandbyborgsprojektet har en egen grafisk profil som skapats av designer och arkeologifotografen Daniel Lindskog. Han har också tagit många av projektets foton och filmer.

Länk: https://kalmarlansmuseum.se/besok-oss/utstallningar/pagaende-utstallningar/sandby-borg-nar-tiden-stannade/

Webmaterial (ett urval):

Projektets hemsida (sandbyborg.se) och facebooksida (facebook.com\sandbyborg) hålls uppdaterade sedan flera år. Facebooksidan har ca 5000 följare från hela världen och hemsidan har ca 200 unika besök per dag. Texter finns på både svenska och engelska. På hemsidan finns också en 3D-modell, samt möjligheter att se borgen och innehåll från grävningarna i olika digitala applikationer (https://www.sandbyborg.se/det-digitala-sandby-borg/)

Här är ett exempel på en digital visning: https://www.arcgis.com/apps/MapJournal/index.html?appid=02b44279e6354644859275e9b43ca2ef

Det finns också flera 3D-modeller från borgen med skelett, hus, fynd o dyl på: https://sketchfab.com/ma_klm

Virtuella upplevelser för VR-utrustning finns också. Här är ett ex på en rundtur: https://youtu.be/lfnfuaEfgrA

Det finns ett stort antal animeringar, populära texter, spekulerande ”artiklar” o dyl på Internet.

Youtube-filmer (i urval):

Många filmer har gjorts av Sebastian Jakobsson, Vaxfilm och Daniel Lindskog.

Film om grävningen 2017: https://youtu.be/SbjdpK5TI2M

Film om guldfyndet 2017: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IUun5znMbDs

En film om RJ-projektet om Sandby borg som VR-upplevelse: https://youtu.be/STAbsdt4h1g

Film om en marinarkeologisk insats 2018: https://youtu.be/SisUwm8iqfc

Film från första dagen på grävningen 2018: https://youtu.be/j2Jep-_ByYQ

Film om en dag på grävningen 2018: https://youtu.be/coamu7cAIa0

Film om en annan dag på grävningen 2018: https://youtu.be/ON2T6Dn5B_w

Gunilla Eriksson, docent i laborativ arkeologi vid Stockholms Universitet, berättar vilka resultat man kan få av skeletten från Sandby borg https://youtu.be/z0EoVIeR7Oc
Grant administrator
Kalmar läns museum
Reference number
SEK 5,110,000.00